John Sfakianakis is a Non-Resident Senior Scholar at the Arabia Foundation. He also serves as Director of Economic Research at the Gulf Research Center in Riyadh. Previously he was Middle East Director of the Ashmore Group in Riyadh. His other former positions have included chief investment strategist, MASIC, a Saudi family-owned investment company; chief economic adviser to the Saudi Ministry of Finance; group general manager and chief economist, Middle East North Africa region for Credit Agricole C.I.B.; chief economist, Saudi British Bank (SABB/HSBC); and chief regional economist, Samba Financial Group. He also has served as adviser at the Ministry of Economy and Planning in Saudi Arabia and as economist at the United Nations (UNDP) and the World Bank in Washington, D.C. He holds a PhD in economics from Harvard University. He is based out of Riyadh.