Despite an alliance spanning seventy-five years, most Americans have an unfavorable view of Saudi Arabia. The low points include the 1970s oil embargo and the September 11th attacks. Conversely, the White House has always had a good relationship with Saudi Arabia. The Cold War deepened an alliance built on oil into a political relationship whereby Saudi Arabia became the key player in the Muslim World fighting the spread of communism. More recently, Washington and Riyadh have jointly opposed Al-Qaeda, ISIS, and Iran. Saudi’s regional role, oil production, and the long-standing political alliance are all reasons why the US should hope the Saudi crown prince succeeds in his push for sweeping reform.