For example, the unemployment rate in Tehran –-historically the center of political protest until now – is 13 percent, according to Iran’s Interior Ministry. But in rural areas such as Bashagard and Hormazgan provinces the rate is above 45 percent, and in some cities it is reportedly up to 60 percent. In the fiscal year that ended in March 2017, the government said it had created 650,000 jobs, but 1.5 million new jobs were needed to decrease unemployment.

This article was first published in Bloomberg